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Digital multimodal text

The purpose of multimodal digital texts is to inform or entertain the reader or users according to the medium of dissemination. Hence, the use of various linguistic resources allows to offer other possibilities of access to information to the reader, because in this way they reinforce the message that is sent Definitions Digital texts - audio, visual or multimodal texts produced through digital or electronic technology which may be interactive and include animations and/or hyperlinks. Examples of digital texts include movies, websites, e-books and apps Digital and multimodal texts This resource contains a range of strategies to teach media, multimedia and digital texts.in the K-6 classroom

If multimodal digital texts include written text, they can help children learn sight words, because children will often repeatedly see written words while hearing the corresponding audio when listening to stories (Oakley, 2003). This is especially so if high-frequency words are built into stories Example of multimodality: Scholarly text. Here is in an example of a standard scholarly book in a print edition. This text relies primarily on the linguistic mode. In other words, it is made up primarily of letters and words. However, because most texts are multimodal in some sense, there are at least three modes at work in this example

Multimodal digital text: what is, characteristics

Creating Digital Multimodal Texts. With the introduction of the Australian Curriculum, there is an emphasis on the use of Multimodal Text in English. ICT offers a great range of tools to allow students to create digital multimodal texts, such as comics, animations, digital storytelling, video & audio, ebooks, poster & cover design and game design Multimodal text can be print, physical or digital. Examples of types of Multimodal text are... The NSW Syllabus for the Australian Curriculum defines modes, multimodal and language modes as.. A digital text, often called a multimodal text, is a document that gets enhanced by features like hyperlinks, embedded images, embedded video, commenting, and annotation features, and interactive elements Multimodal texts are forms of communication that use a variety of modes. They're seen in multimedia -- a form of content delivery that strategically involves words, visuals, sounds and other components to enrich learners

Digital and multimodal texts - education

Complex digital multimodal texts include: live action films, animations, digital stories, web pages, book trailers, documentaries, music videos. Meaning is conveyed through dynamic combinations of various modes across written and spoken language, visual (still and moving image), audio, gesture (acting), and spatial semiotic resources Digital and Multimodal Texts - create, create and create some more by Pip Cleaves | This newsletter was created with Smore, an online tool for creating beautiful newsletters for educators, nonprofits, businesses and mor A multimodal text conveys meaning th​​rough a combination of two or more modes, for example, a poster conveys meaning through a combination of written language, still image, and spatial design. Each mode has its own specific task and function (Kress, 2010, p

My research has revealed that teachers understand multimodal texts, defined as a combination of two or more communication modes by ACARA, as texts only involving digital technologies. But they can be much more than this However, creating a multimodal text does not require the use of digital tools and/or does not need to be shared in online digital spaces to make it multimodal. To illustrate, when you create a collage and post it on your dorm room door, you use existing printed artifacts such as pictures clippe A multimodal text can be digital - from slide presentations, e-books, blogs, e-posters, web pages, and social media, through to animation, film and video games. A multimodal text can be live - a performance or an event. And, a multimodal text can be transmedia- where the story is told using 'multiple delivery channels' through a. Digital and Multimodal Texts. The new English K-10 syllabus has mandated that in EACH YEAR, students MUST study examples of media, multimedia and digital texts which are appropriate to their needs, interests and abilities, examples which become increasingly sophisticated as students move from Kindergarten to Year 6. Multimodal Text

Multimodal digital text creation using tablets and open

Digital and Multimodal Texts create, create and create some more. Digital and Multimodal Texts create, create and create some more. Pinterest. Today. Explore. When autocomplete results are available use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Touch device users, explore by touch or with swipe gestures tifaceted and multimodal text repertoire and actively take part in various forms of social media (Statens Medieråd, 2017). Engagement with social media and other forms of digital multimodal texts is often an interactive process in which students can be seen as coproducers of the culture and the contexts they are part of (Lankshear & Knobel, 2008)

Digital multimodal composition refers to creating digital texts using various modes such as written language, images, video, voice, audio, and so forth. Digital storytelling, digital book reviews, and digital poems are examples of digital multimodal composition. As a researcher and an instructor of a course on digital multimodal composition, I. A multimodal text is often a digital text but can be a book, such as picture book, information text or graphic text. Multimodal texts require the processing of more than one mode and the recognition of the interconnections between modes. This process is different from the linear reading of print-based texts Influence of the Digital Age. Search for: Multimodal Texts in Children's Literature. It is easy to envision a classroom that relies on the use of a print textbook and resources that primarily use printed words and visual images to represent meaning. However, print resources are changing in ways that are reflective of the multiple ways, or. Digital multimodal texts, such as film, animation, slide shows, e-posters, digital stories, and web pages, convey meaning through combinations of written and spoken language, visual (still and moving image), audio, gestural and spatial modes

Sep 27, 2013 - Multimodal and Digital Texts - A focus on K-6 by Laura Chaffey | This newsletter was created with Smore, an online tool for creating beautiful newsletters for educators, nonprofits, businesses and mor Karen's Multimodal Texts. Digital Stories Wikki. Creating Digital Texts. Syllabus Bytes. Laura's Multimodal. Please note that these pages contain a collection of links to activities to support and enhance classroom teaching and learning. The thumbnails and activities are the property of the authors/creators and available due to their generosity. An example of multimodal texts is a quote image, where text is layered over pictures, creating a combination of visual and linguistic systems. In the classroom, turning presentations into podcasts joins audio and linguistic semiotic systems; creating video lessons combines linguistic, visual, audio spatial and gestural—these are all. Those texts that have more than one mode, such as print and image or print, image, sound and movement. A multimodal text is often a digital text but can be a book, such as picture book, information text or graphic text.Multimodal texts require the processing of more than one mode and the recognition of the interconnections between modes. This process is different from the linear reading of. A digital text, often called a multimodal text, is a document that gets enhanced by features like hyperlinks, embedded images, embedded video, commenting, and annotation features, and interactive elements. This article gives an overview of digital texts, gives examples of digital texts, shares tools for reading digital texts, and even shares.

Examples of Multimodal Texts UM RhetLa

Multimodal texts for teaching purposes.Hope that your students like it.-- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/ . Make your own a.. Digital texts are becoming less textual and much more visual. Digital texts that incorporate various modes such as layout, formatting, font, color, images, graphics, animation, video, and sound are defined as being multimodal texts. This practice of combining multiple modes in a text is known as multimodality Non-digital multimodal texts include collages, print magazines, or research posters. Asking students to produce a multimodal text (digital or non-digital) provides them with an opportunity to compose using a variety of tools, extend their digital literacy skills, embrace diversity and explore what it means to create for a specific audience Multimodal texts engage multiple modes of communication. You don't need digital technology to do that. An illuminated medieval manuscript is just as much a multimodal text as a YouTube video is. It doesn't mean multimedia either. A multimodal text may use multimedia (multiple media, like photos, animation, words, sounds), but it doesn't. 1.Those texts that have more than one mode, such as print and image or print, image, sound and movement. Multimodal texts require the processing of more than one mode and the recognition of the interconnections between modes. This process is different from the linear reading of print-based texts. 2

Digital Tools for Teachers: Creating Digital Multimodal Text

multimodal text analysts also tend to either an analytical focus static visual text (eg Barthes' famous 1957/1972 Paris Match analysis) or, when confronting dynamic (audio, visual) texts are compelled to rely on discursive description or generalisation rather than on the presentation o It seems that this 1 st level hybrid multimodal text, serving as the basis for initial multimodal composing to take place, also catalyzed the study participants to carry out further development of their digital stories. It allowed the study participants to recognize the integration possibility of the existing hybrid units in the 1 st level hybrid multimodal text and the other modal resources.

Multimodal Literacy refers to meaning-making that occurs through the reading, viewing, understanding, responding to and producing and interacting with multimedia and digital texts. It may include oral and gestural modes of talking, listening and dramatising as well as writing, designing and producing such texts As the texts readers encounter grow in complexity, shifting from monomodal structures to multimodal ensembles, and are distributed in digital forms in addition to traditional print-based texts, the requisite skills readers draw upon will need to expand to handle the demands of these new texts and experiences

ELA.3.4. Developing and sustaining foundational language skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--fluency. The student reads grade-level text with fluency and comprehension. The student is expected to use appropriate fluency (rate, accuracy, and prosody) when reading grade-level text. ELA.3.5 Multimodal texts do not have to be digital, whether a text is created on a computer, paper or another type f technology it can enable a combination of words, photos, charts, layout and etc. in order to communicate a message and be categorized as multimodal

Digital media play an undeniably influential role in contemporary communication, facilitating new kinds of multimodal forms of representation. However, ELT pedagogy does not always take these multimodal aspects of communication into account in a systematic way. One pedagogical approach that has been developed for this purpose is 'multimodal composing' or 'digital multimodal composing' Multimodal texts can be paper-based, live, or digital. However, the capabilities of contemporary digital technologies make it possible for many different modes to 'be configured, be circulated, and get recycled in different ways' (Jewitt, 2009, p.1) in diverse text forms Aug 7, 2015 - Digital and Multimodal Texts - create, create and create some more by Pip Cleaves | This newsletter was created with Smore, an online tool for creating beautiful newsletters for educators, nonprofits, businesses and mor

BENEFITS: Multimodal texts can be very beneficial for both students and teachers to use as a learning aid. As texts are no longer restricted to print technology, (Healy, 2008, p.5), means that students have the opportunity to use a range of multimodal texts. Teachers can make learning more interesting for students with access to the. Embracing Digital Rhetoric and Producing a Multimodal Text. In Figure 5, the green highlighting points out instances where the assignment asks students to shift from traditional composing practices to multimodal and embrace the affordances of digital environments Research into digital multimodal composing highlights its potential effectiveness as an engaging, motivating, autonomy-enhancing, voice-enhancing and authentic activity for L2 writers. While considerable work has gone into developing and evaluating pedagogies for digital multimodal composing, one underresearched area is that of assessment Creating Digital Multimodal Texts With the introduction of the Australian Curriculum, there is an emphasis on the use of Multimodal Text in English. ICT offers a great rang..

paper-based or digital multimodal texts with universal themes such as bullying or friendships (for example, the picture book Bluebird by Bob Staake or Pixar's short film For the Birds) may reduce the level of support EAL/D students need in understanding the content. The teacher scribes the vocabulary as the class discusses the wordless. English/Language Arts teachers will need to become more informed about these conventions because they will influence the rhetorical and aesthetic impact of all multimodal texts. In digital forms, students, even very young students, are often more literate in the technical aspects of digital production than many of their teachers

1. What is Multimodal text? - Creating Multimodal Tex

Many writers and producers are often confused about the differences between a multimedia project and multimodal product. To put it simply, both words share the prefix multi-, which means more than one. On the one hand, the word media - a plural of medium - refers to the technology that is used to produce th The What and Why of Multimodal Projects What are multimodal writing assignments? Unlike traditional writing assignments, which feature only text, multimodal writing assignments ask students to compose across a range of media. Students might be asked to combined text with data visualization and images to create an infographic, or to script and produce a podcast or [ is promise for students creating their own digital multimodal texts to enhance skills, understandings and communicative behaviours. An innovative approach that involves students creating their own digital representations through the integration of different modes of communication is blended media. By definition MULTIMODAL TEXT • It uses a combination of two or more communication modes. • It combines two or more semiotic systems. • It can be delivered via different media or technologies. They may be live, paper, or digital electronic (Anstey & Bull, 2006)

What is a digital text? - Never Stop Learnin

The re-conceptualisation of texts over the last 20 years, as well as the development of a multimodal understanding of communication and representation of knowledge, has profound consequences for the reading and understanding of multimodal texts, not least in educational contexts. However, if teachers and students are given tools to unwrap. Constructing digital multimodal texts (e.g. video clips) is a matter of deliberate design in which creators shape the resources available so that the representations match their intentions (Kress 2010). As interacting with multimodal texts is part of most students' everyday literacy practices (Elf, Gilje, Olin-Scheller, & Slotte, 2018.

35 Multimodal Learning Strategies and Examples Prodigy

Today the accessibility, affordability, and ease by which users can produce and disseminate digital content via the Internet and mobile technologies has made multimodal text production a habitual and sizable part of the everyday life of people across different age groups, cultures, and societies Images can also help to anchor text, especially in media like advertising and photo-essays. Photographs often illustrate or emphasize meaning in captions. On the other hand, text can often provide context for a compelling image, to help readers avoid confusion or misinterpretation

Multimodal and Digital Texts Smore Newsletter

For example, the digital books grouped text and image, designed the sequential order of how and when text and image would appear/disappear on the page, merged visual and written text, used many multimodal backgrounds, and cross-referenced a variety of resources through hyperlinking them together Our success criteria for multimodal text Your digital text must include (see Figure 1): Use of Explain Everything app Information on the subject matter suitable for Stage 2/ 3 audience. Five pages of information. One on each of the following: Title page --Plants: description, growth, life cycle --Animals: description, habitat, diet A. Creating Digital Multimodal Texts. With the introduction of the Australian Curriculum, there is an emphasis on the use of Multimodal Text in English. ICT offers a great rang.. Multimodal Texts are often live, digital text, or paper-based. It requires the processing of more than one method and the recognition of the interconnections between information. Live multimodal texts are shown through combinations of different modes such as gestural, spatial, audio, and oral language A. linear text B. multimodal text C. nonlinear text D. unimodal text 2. It is the type of multimodal texts that can be performed through dance and oral storytelling. A. analog B. digital C. live D. paper-based 3. Films, animations, slideshows, e-posters, and digital stories are examples of type of a multimodal text. A. analog B. digital C. live.

A multimodal text changes its semiotic effect by placing words with preconceived meanings in a new context, whether that context is audio, visual, or digital. This in turn creates a new, foundationally different meaning for an audience Multimodal digital texts, e.g., app books, are increasingly becoming part of young children's literacy ecosystem (Shuler, 2012; Vandewater, Bickham, & Lee, 2006). Reading app books, which involves the use and interpretation of multiple modes (e.g. images, sounds, animation) to form diverse pathways of readin 2.3 Experience upgrading: multimodal man-machine interaction via text, vision, action, environment and voice 3. Innovative smart navigation experience 3.1 Case analysis: Baidu VPAS indoor navigation design 3.2 Case analysis: AR digital man/car navigation desig

From Print to Digital: Composing Multimodal Texts Through

  1. e whether those profiles have specific characteristics regarding health‐related variables and patient-doctor relationship quality (RQ)
  2. This paper explores how and to what extent digital multimodal text production can play a role in project work. The focus is upon describing and understanding how teachers and learners view multimodal text production as part of a learning process. Group-based project work has been used extensively in Norwegian schools since the 1970s. One criticism of this learning approach has been that peers.
  3. Digital Multimodal Text [Infographic] by Alex Danica Lopez on Prezi Design. Blog. July 2, 2021. How to hold hybrid meetings. June 29, 2021. Why you should foster collaboration skills in your workplace — and how to get started. June 29, 2021. Introducing custom maps: Share compelling stories when you make customized maps
  4. Digital & Multimodal Texts by sdowling. edu. Using Digital and Multimodal texts. edu. Syllabus Bites - creating digital and multimodal texts. smore. Sue's Tech Flyer on digital and multimodal texts. Remove this ad. edu. National Digital Learning Resources Network. gov. Digital Learning Resources
  5. 45 seconds. Report an issue. Q. Which of the following statements is FALSE. answer choices. Multimodal texts incorporate more than one mode. Videos may incorporate visual, written and reading elements. A multimodal text only requires ONE mode. Graphic novels include reading and viewing elements
  6. Digital Texts & Tools. Multimodal Tutorial Template. Summary of the Tool. Include a brief description of the tool with links to the homesite or app page. If the tool or app requires subscription or is a paid app include this information here. Also include an image of the app icon
  7. Digital literacy involves dealing with multimodal texts in many different communicative situations while using a range of communicative resources such as images, colors, videos, sounds, and graphics. It also involves respectfully communicating with people from different cultures in addition to those with different lifestyles

Creating multimodal text

to use multimodal texts to inspire students and how to successfully write a piece that the students feel proud of. Organization of Thesis . There will be five chapters in this thesis. In . chapter one, I plan to explain the reasoning behind completing my thesis. I also specifically list the three questions I will be focusing on in my study Digitally mediated, multimodal communication is dynamic, adding a third dimension of space, in that the reader can enter the text in new and exciting ways (e.g., as cowriter in collaborative texts, actor in augmented reality contexts, or avatar in virtual games); and it is interactive, adding the fourth dimension of time Glossary Support for ELA.6.8.F. characteristics of multimodal. Students are expected to examine specific components of a text and make determinations about how and/or why those components are used. Students must have a strong understanding of the attributes of a variety of text types. Students should identify and explain the distinguishing. Creating Multimodal Texts. Creating is defined as 'the development and/or production of spoken, written or multimodal texts in print or digital forms' and is an embedded literacy expectation across all disciplines. Multimodal is defined in the as the strategic use of 'two or more communication modes' to make meaning, for example image. use to make sense of these multimodal texts is an essential part of comprehension instruction. Multimodal texts are inherently associated with digital technologies because in many digital texts, different modalities, aural, visual, gestural, spatial, and linguistic come together to construct meaning

Example of multimodality: Scholarly text. Here is an example of a standard scholarly book in a print edition. This text relies primarily on the linguistic mode. In other words, it is made up primarily of letters and words. However, because most texts are multimodal in some sense, there are at least three modes at work in this example Using digital-and-multimodal-texts(1) 1. Using digital and multimodal texts K-6 through the NSW English K-10 syllabus Implementing new curriculum - Building capacity This is an interactive Adobe Acrobat PDF 9 document. It is best viewed on screen as it contains video and interactive menu. 2 Multimodal texts. Many texts are multimodal, where meaning is communicated through combinations of two or more modes. Modes include written language, spoken language, and patterns of meaning that are visual, audio, gestural, tactile and spatial. Multimodal text can be print, physical or digital • Linguistic: vocabulary, structure, grammar of oral/written language • Visual: colour, vectors. Multimodal does not mean digital technology. Multimodal texts engage multiple modes of communication. You don't need digital technology to do that. New questions in English. Test Il- Identify the ff. statements\authors purpose (to entertain, persuade, or inform) Write your answers before each numbers ____1. Letters to edit 2.2 Transformation and transduction. A social semiotic multimodal approach (Kress, Reference Kress 2003, Reference Kress 2009) that focuses on the sign-maker and his or her situated use of modal resources informs how language learners proceed when composing a DS (Yang, Reference Yang 2012).According to Kress (Reference Kress 2010), when producing a multimodal text, authors are involved in a.

Digital Storytelling is a relatively new term that has varied meanings. It began as a way for people to tell their personal stories and family histories. They combine relatively simple texts with images and sometimes videos that the author has often created along with the texts. Their purpose was initially to inform, as therapy, as creative. understandings that a multimodal lens brings to language education (Early, Kendrick, & Potts, 2015, p. 451). Acknowledging the possibilities of multimodal practices for stu-dent learning, the U.S. Common Core State Standards (CCSS) Initiative recognizes the importance of incorporating multimodal texts into teaching and of engaging students i The new English K-10 syllabus has mandated that in EACH YEAR, students MUST study examples of media, multimedia and digital texts which are appropriate to their needs, interests and abilities, examples which become increasingly sophisticated as students move from Kindergarten to Year 6. This resource is designed to provide teachers with a range of resources and strategies to teach media. Digital Literacy and Multimodal Practices of Young Children: Engaging with emergent research Íris Pereira and Altina Ramos This ebook came out of a Training School (TS) that was held as part of COST Action IS1410 - The Digital Literacy and Multimodal Practices of Young Children (DigiLitEY). DigiLitEY is a multidisciplinary Europea

Chapter 18.2 Design Principles for Print and Digital Media Part 3: Chapter 18.2. With multimodal composition, creators have the opportunity to use multiple modalities to present information. Once you have chosen an audience for your text, it is time to choose a genre and begin creating using modalities including audio, visual, linguistic, and spatial, among others In recent years, national access to and use of digital tools has increased rapidly in Swedish schools. This article draws upon experiences from a qualitative study conducted in Sweden. This study explored student's use of multimodal texts and how students and their teachers perceive and recognize the multimodal texts produced in project assignments. The empirical material was gathered from six. These studies show that the design of text is becoming a more complex, multimodal means of communication, representing a shift from a traditional way of using printed text to more multimodal use of texts. The use of digital tools may also challenge students' perception of texts and their idea and recognition of multimodal text productions The young generation are both consumers and producers of digital multimodal texts and can thus be seen as cocreators of the culture and the contexts that they are part of. Learning more about how students create multimodal texts and what students' texts are about can extend the understanding of contemporary meaning making. This study examines 23 Swedish fifth-grade students' multimodal digital. Multimodal texts combine elements of: gesture and/or movement. images: moving and still. sound: spoken words, sound effects and music. writing. When children come to express ideas in the classroom they readily draw on their experience to create multimodal texts using words, diagrams, pictures, sound and layout

Digital and Multimodal Texts Smore Newsletter

  1. Communication using popular digital media involves understanding multimodal systems of appraisal for expressing attitude, which traditionally deals with emotions, ethics, and aesthetics in language. The formulation and teaching of multimodal grammars for attitudinal meanings in popular texts and culture is currently underresearched
  2. within a dynamic audiovisual text; while drawing also upon resources from the 'social semiotic' and other traditions of semiotics research. We will show how the interactive (multimodal) digital environment is one in which multiple analytical and theoretica
  3. ently positioned within all strands of the curriculum: Language, Literature, and Literacy. However, as Walsh (2010) has highlighted the Australian National Curriculum for English (ACARA, 2010) fails to sufficiently explicate how to use multi
  4. Text as data: Digital tools and methods for text analysis; Working with text: tools for collaborative text annotation, analysis, editing, and publishing; Beyond the text: teaching with digital archives, collections, and multimodal materials in class; Working with spatio-temporal data; Digital humanities tools for crisis response, mobilization.
  5. 1. A text in which verbal and visual semiotic modes are integrated to communicate a complex meaning. Learn more in: Visual Literacy for Young Language Learners: Multimodal Texts in Content-Based Instruction. 2. Text that blends print with visual, audio, spoken and nonverbal information
  6. Rhetoric being defined as the art of using language effectively and persuasively, what digital rhetoric does is exactly that. It uses language to persuade an audience and inform them in an effective way, but using different forms of media to do so. How multimodal texts come into play here is simply because multimodal texts are anything that.
  7. Using data gathered from observation, interview, and student-authored multimodal texts, this study presents three patterns of change with three focal cases. In the first pattern, the student repositioned himself from a resistant writer to an active composer, while in the second, the student evolved from an exam-oriented writer and textbook.

Introduction. In ELT and related fields, there is a growing call for L2 teachers to invest in using digital multimodal composing (DMC), an instructional activity that engages students with the use of digital tools to interweave texts with other semiotic modes such as images, sound, and movement (Hafner 2015; Belcher 2017).This call is mainly driven by the observation of researchers in. Elżbieta Gajek, Creating Multimodal Texts for Language Learning Purposes, Teaching Literature and Language Through Multimodal Texts, 10.4018/978-1-5225-5796-8.ch011, (191-213), (2019). Crossre In this study, university educators composed texts that consisted of spoken, visual, and written language. In order for researchers and educators to understand best practices for composing texts on and for the screen, it is necessary to investigate the design decisions university educators make as they compose digital multimodal texts taking action on the social conditions and texts they are critiquing (Kellner and Share, 2007: 9). Digital storytelling, a multimodal pedagogy, has gained increasing interest as a tool for engaging 21. st. century learners in HE. This study is heavily influenced by the digital storytelling model developed by the Center fo Multimodal composition is the act of creating texts that communicate to a specific audience (often employing digital rhetoric) using any of a range of modes or technologies. Because, as a student, you are situated in a digital age that requires adopting new technologies and communicating in new digital writing spaces, multimodal composition.

Overview of multimodal literacy - Department of Education

  1. Close reading can be thought of as a means to more deeply learn, and thus should encompass digital and multimodal texts.However, close reading of digital texts requires a certain language for talking about multimodal texts. Speaking multimodalIn his book, Reading the Visual: An Introduction to Teaching Multimodal Literacy (Teachers College.
  2. Why have multimodal and digital texts become such a focus in the new syllabus? 8. Activity 1 Think of a couple of literacy activities you have participated in over the last 48 hours. Use Table 1 to record some details of the activities. Discuss your personal audit with a partner or in a small group
  3. Our focus with digital writing is on multimodal and/or networked texts for which essayistic (Hesse, 1999) assessment and evaluation of writing cannot necessarily port over seamlessly. Second, we emphasize the use of digital technologies to change how writing (both digital and traditional) and writing instruction in large-scale programs is.
6Using digital-and-multimodal-texts(1)Websites for Multimodal Texts - on Butterfly Wings EnglishDesigning peer review for digital media instructionOverview of Approaches to Digital Composition